Friday, April 20, 2012
FFB: VANITY FAIR, edited by Cleveland Amory and Frederic Bradlee; picture editor: Katherine Tweed (Viking, 1960)
One of the more striking covers of the first Conde Nast Vanity Fair magazine, 1914-1936.
Vanity Fair today is basically a rather pompous gossip magazine, a bit heftier (more in physical terms than the desired literary/cultural sort) than People or Us, rather better-funded and more widely sold than the New York Observer, but fitting rather comfortably into the slot between them; the greatest pity in this is how much The Atlantic today resembles it.
The current VF is very proud of reviving the title, which had been a Conde Nast project when he still ran the company that bears his name, and which title began, after Nast bought magazine rights to a folded VF which had flourished in the 1890s, as essentially a spinoff of his big moneymaker of the time (and still), Vogue. While the new (and now old) Vanity Fair, quickly turned over to Century magazine art editor Frank Crowninshield, went from being another fashion magazine to one which was, at times frivolously or leaning into the sphere of gossip, nonetheless about culture at large in a way that the current VF has never achieved, and featuring an array of contributors that the current one would be hard-pressed to emulate.
The first issue as VF:
And the last issue:
I don't have a poachable table of contents for this anthology from the magazine, and don't have time at the moment to create one (though I think I should), but under Crowninshield, the magazine was able to call on, and cultivate, a remarkable number of important artists, literary and visual, as the editor was both (as Cleveland Amory is careful to note) fascinated by the new in the arts and the rest of human endeavor and very much rooted in the manners and grace of the culture he was raised in; in his first editorial (March 1914 issue), for, example, he states, with patrician charm, "We hereby announce ourselves as determined and bigoted feminists." And the humor there is only in the intentional syntax...from the first issues, he was publishing Anita Loos and Gertrude Stein, and the first major "discovery" of the magazine was a young poet and essayist named Dorothy Rothschild...who would soon be signing her work Dorothy Parker. Her first contribution collected here is "Men: A Hate Song."
The first edition, 1960:
There was no lack of male contributors, either: P. G. Wodehouse, Robert Benchley, G. K. Chesterton, Noel Coward, Louis Untermeyer are all represented in the book by works published by the end of 1920, and along with them and after, Edna St Vincent Millay, Amy Lowell, Carl Sandburg, Colette, Jean Cocteau, T. S. Eliot, Aldous Huxley, Lord Dunsany, Djuna Barnes, Clare Booth (well before her Life was making Time), Frank Sullivan, William Saroyan, Janet Flanner, Mencken and Nathan, and Kay Boyle.
1970 second edition:
And as notable as the literary contributions are the visual, both the paintings and sketches from Picasso, Matisse and Otto Khan and many others (many daringly "modern" for a mass-circulation magazine of its time; Crowninshield had been one of the major supporters of the epochal Armory Show a few years before taking on VF), and the photography...much of the portraiture collected here is among the best I've seen, with nice examples of candids and landscapes scattered...but you've never seen Texas Guinan look better (even if you've ever seen the other photos of Texas Guinan), and there are fairly iconic photos of the likes of Gloria Swanson and Greta Garbo, among other less unsurprising subjects (Ms. Guinan not being the most striking bit of photographic genius). And the book doesn't pass up the opportunity to run Covarrubias's "Impossible Interview" cartoons, in full color: Greta Garbo and Calvin Coolidge refusing to speak; John D. Rockefeller and Josef Stalin not quite getting on (though they had similar management styles).
Only some of the prose here is what these folks should be remembered for; The New Yorker in its early years and The Smart Set and a few others have a stronger literary legacy than that represented here, but this book is a rewarding and impressive slice through the cultural history of the magazine's time. And a sterling reprimand to the underachievement of its heir, today.
And this is the magazine that apparently encouraged W. C. Fields to note, as his potential epitaph, "I'd rather be living in Philadelphia."
For more of today's books, please see Patti Abbott's blog.
Edward Steichen's photo of Gloria Swanson...possibly incorrectly included in a Smithsonian article, "Steichen in Vogue"...Vogue being, as noted above, Vanity Fair's big sister...then as now.
And the list this week, as far as I've seen:
Patti Abbott: Continental Drift by Russell Banks
Sergio Angelini: The Scarf by Robert Bloch
Yvette Banek: The Joshua Croft books by Walter Satterthwait
Joe Barone: School Days by Robert Parker
Brian Busby: In Search of George Pepki, Poet
Bill Crider: The Dead Line by Philip McCutchan
Scott Cupp: Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies by Jerry Beck and Bill Friedwald
Martin Edwards: The Case of the Chinese Gong by Christopher Bush
Elizabeth Grace Foley: Old Rose and Silver by Myrtle Reed
Ed Gorman: The Great American Paperback by Richard Lupoff
Jerry House: the Lefty Feep stories by Robert Bloch
Randy Johnson: Due or Die by Frank Kane
George Kelley: To Ride the Star Winds by A. Bertram Chandler
Margot Kinberg: A Not So Perfect Crime by Teresa Solana
B. V. Lawson: The Killings at Badger's Drift by Caroline Graham
Evan Lewis: Sleepers East by Frederick Nebel
Steve Lewis: Daddy's Gone A-Hunting by Robert Skinner
Todd Mason: Vanity Fair edited by Cleveland Amory and Frederic Bradlee; picture editor: Katherine Tweed
John F. Norris: Murder in the Moor by Thomas Kindon
David Rachels: Nothing in Her Way by Charles Williams
James Reasoner: Trigger Trio by Ernest Haycox
Karyn Reeves: Six Great Advocates by Lord Birkett
Richard Robinson: The Deep Range by Arthur C. Clarke
Gerard Saylor: Run, Boy, Run by Uri Orlev (translated by Hillel Halkin)
Ron Scheer: Out of the West by Elizabeth Higgins
Bill Selnes: Involuntary Witness by Gianrico Carofiglio
Kerrie Smith: As the Crow Flies by Jeffery Archer
Kevin Tipple: The Blade Itself by Marcus Sakey
"TomCat": The Blushing Monkey by Roman McDougald
"Wuthering Willow": In the Fog by Richard Harding Davis
"Zybahn": Trial and Error by Anthony Berkeley