Nina Simone: "Backlash Blues"
Max Roach Quintet: "The Dream"; "It's Time"
Louis Armstrong, Lambert, Hendricks & Ross, Dave Brubeck, Joe Morello, Gene Wright: "They Say I Look Like God"
American Composer's Orchestra: "Black, Brown and Beige" (Edward Kennedy Ellington)
Martin Luther King, Jr., on jazz:
"God has wrought many things out of oppression. He has endowed his
creatures with the capacity to create—and from this capacity has flowed
the sweet songs of sorrow and joy that have allowed man to cope with his
environment and many different situations. Jazz speaks for life. The
Blues tell the story of life's difficulties, and if you think for a
moment, you will realize that they take the hardest realities of life
and put them into music, only to come out with some new hope or sense of
triumph. This is triumphant music. Modern jazz has continued in this
tradition, singing the songs of a more complicated urban existence. When
life itself offers no order and meaning, the musician creates an order
and meaning from the sounds of the earth which flow through his
instrument. It is no wonder that so much of the search for identity
among American Negroes was championed by Jazz musicians. Long before the
modern essayists and scholars wrote of racial identity as a problem for
a multiracial world, musicians were returning to their roots to affirm
that which was stirring within their souls. Much of the power of our
Freedom Movement in the United States has come from this music. It has
strengthened us with its sweet rhythms when courage began to fail. It
has calmed us with its rich harmonies when spirits were down. And now,
Jazz is exported to the world. For in the particular struggle of the
Negro in America there is something akin to the universal struggle of
modern man. Everybody has the Blues. Everybody longs for meaning.
Everybody needs to love and be loved. Everybody needs to clap hands and
be happy. Everybody longs for faith. In music, especially this broad
category called Jazz, there is a stepping stone towards all of these." -
Martin Luther King Jr.
quoted at the Origins of Jazz pages
SNCC Freedom Singers (2007): "Keep Your Eyes on the Prize"
Bavarian Bluegrass Jamboree participants (2013): "Keep Your Hand to the Plow"