Friday, October 15, 2010

Friday's (Not) Forgotten Books: Wise & Fraser: GREAT TALES OF TERROR AND THE SUPERNATURAL (1943); Healy & McComas: ADVENTURES IN TIME AND SPACE (1946)

contents, courtesy of British Horror Anthology Hell...I don't believe the UK edition was different in content from the US original. See also this ISFDB page for a partial accounting, at least, of original publication sources.

Great Tales of Terror & the Supernatural edited by Herbert A. Wise & Phyllis Fraser

Tales of Terror
Honore de Balzac - La Grande Breteche
Edgar Allan Poe - The Black Cat
Edgar Allan Poe - The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar
Wilkie Collins - A Terribly Strange Bed
Ambrose Bierce - The Boarded Window
Thomas Hardy - The Three Strangers
W. W. Jacobs - The Interruption
H. G. Wells - Pollock and the Porroh Man
H. G. Wells - The Sea Raiders
"Saki" (Hector Hugh Munro) - Sredni Vashtar
Alexander Woollcott - Moonlight Sonata
Conrad Aiken - Silent Snow, Secret Snow
Dorothy L. Sayers - Suspicion
Richard Connell - The Most Dangerous Game
Carl Stephenson - Leiningen versus the Ants
Michael Arlen - The Gentleman from America
William Faulkner - A Rose for Emily
Ernest Hemingway - The Killers
John Collier - Back for Christmas
Geoffrey Household - Taboo

Tales of the Supernatural
Edward Bulwer-Lytton - The Haunted and the Haunters
Nathaniel Hawthorne - Rappaccini's Daughter
Charles Collins & Charles Dickens - The Trial for Murder
Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu - Green Tea
Fitz-James O'Brien - What Was It?
Henry James - Sir Edmund Orme
Guy de Maupassant - The Horla
Guy de Maupassant - Was It a Dream?
F. Marion Crawford - The Screaming Skull
"O. Henry" - The Furnished Room
M. R. James - Casting the Runes
M. R. James - Oh, Whistle and I'll Come to You, My Lad
Edith Wharton - Afterward
W. W. Jacobs - The Monkey's Paw
Arthur Machen - The Great God Pan
Robert Hichens - How Love Came to Professor Guildea
Rudyard Kipling - The Return of Imray
Rudyard Kipling - "They"
Edward Lucas White - Lukundoo
E. F. Benson - Caterpillars
E. F. Benson - Mrs. Amworth
Algernon Blackwood - Ancient Sorceries
Algernon Blackwood - Confession
"Saki" (H. H. Munro) - The Open Window
Oliver Onions - The Beckoning Fair One
Walter de la Mare - Out of the Deep
A. E. Coppard - Adam and Eve and Pinch Me
E. M. Forster - The Celestial Omnibus
Richard Middleton - The Ghost Ship
Karen Blixen ("Isak Dinesen") - The Sailor-Boy's Tale
H. P. Lovecraft - The Rats in the Walls
H. P. Lovecraft - The Dunwich Horror

The Contento/Locus index:

Adventures in Time and Space ed. Raymond J. Healy & J. Francis McComas (Random House, Aug ’46, $3.00, 997pp, hc); Second Edition, 1953, omits last five stories, also as Famous Science-Fiction Stories. Derivative Anthology More Adventures in Time and Space.
xi · Introduction · Raymond J. Healy & J. Francis McComas · in
3 · Requiem [D.D. Harriman] · Robert A. Heinlein · ss Astounding Jan ’40
20 · Forgetfulness · Don A. Stuart · nv Astounding Jun ’37
46 · Nerves · Lester del Rey · na  Astounding Sep ’42
115 · The Sands of Time · P. Schuyler Miller · na Astounding Apr ’37
144 · The Proud Robot [Gallegher] · Lewis Padgett · nv Astounding Oct ’43
177 · Black Destroyer [Beagle] · A. E. van Vogt · nv Astounding Jul ’39
207 · Symbiotica [Jay Score] · Eric Frank Russell · nv Astounding Oct ’43
249 · Seeds of the Dusk · Raymond Z. Gallun · nv Astounding Jun ’38
276 · Heavy Planet [with Frederik Pohl] · Lee Gregor · ss Astounding Aug ’39
286 · Time Locker [Gallegher] · Lewis Padgett · nv Astounding Jan ’43
308 · The Link · Cleve Cartmill · ss Astounding Aug ’42
320 · Mechanical Mice [ghost written by Eric Frank Russell] · Maurice G. Hugi · nv Astounding Jan ’41; given as by Maurice A. Hugi.
344 · V-2: Rocket Cargo Ship · Willy Ley · ar Astounding May ’45
365 · Adam and No Eve · Alfred Bester · ss Astounding Sep ’41
378 · Nightfall · Isaac Asimov · nv Astounding Sep ’41
412 · A Matter of Size · Harry Bates · na Astounding Apr ’34
460 · As Never Was · P. Schuyler Miller · ss Astounding Jan ’44
476 · Q.U.R. [as by H. H. Holmes] · Anthony Boucher · ss Astounding Mar ’43
497 · Who Goes There? · Don A. Stuart · na Astounding Aug ’38
551 · The Roads Must Roll · Robert A. Heinlein · nv Astounding Jun ’40
588 · Asylum [William Leigh] · A. E. van Vogt · nv Astounding May ’42
641 · Quietus · Ross Rocklynne · ss Astounding Sep ’40
655 · The Twonky · Lewis Padgett · nv Astounding Sep ’42
676 · Time-Travel Happens! · A. M. Phillips · ar Unknown Dec ’39
687 · Robots Return · Robert Moore Williams · ss Astounding Sep ’38
698 · The Blue Giraffe · L. Sprague de Camp · nv Astounding Aug ’39
721 · Flight Into Darkness · Webb Marlowe · nv Astounding Feb ’43
741 · The Weapon Shop [Isher] · A. E. van Vogt · nv Astounding Dec ’42
779 · Farewell to the Master · Harry Bates · nv Astounding Oct ’40
816 · Within the Pyramid · R. DeWitt Miller · ss Astounding Mar ’37
825 · He Who Shrank · Henry Hasse · na Amazing Aug ’36
882 · By His Bootstraps · Anson MacDonald · na Astounding Oct ’41
933 · The Star Mouse [Mitkey] · Fredric Brown · ss Planet Stories Spr ’42
953 · Correspondence Course · Raymond F. Jones · ss Astounding Apr ’45
972 · Brain · S. Fowler Wright · ss The New Gods Lead, Jarrolds, 1932

So, here are two anthologies Random House offered during the '40s, which helped establish canons in their respective fields, in part because both anthologies were kept in print consistently as part of the Modern Library or other Random House extensions.

As I've been checking through a number of the major anthologies of suspense fiction over the decades, I didn’t till being reminded of it the other day recall how much of the Fraser & Wise volume is devoted to non-supernatural tales of menace, mostly though not entirely in the “Tales of Terror” grouping. It’s remarkable how many of these have become chestnuts…essentially all of them…and I have to wonder how many were already common coin in anthologies by the time this one was first issued in 1943. However, along with August Derleth and Donald Wandrei’s efforts at Arkham House, this book was probably the first great exposure H. P. Lovecraft received (along with some early paperbacks), as far as the larger reading public is concerned, and was almost certainly the first time Lovecraft and Hemingway were anthologized together (though Dashiell Hammett came close with his horror anthology Creeps by Night [1931]). Also notable, at least in the latter-day British TOC offered here, is the “outing” of Karen Blixen rather than credit of her story to her pseudonym, Isak Dinesen. Even by the time I read this anthology, in a library-sale copy of a 1970s Modern Library edition (with the tamest cover it would get, I suspect), most of the stories were familiar from other anthologies, but not all…to carry another W. W. Jacobs story, aside from “The Monkey’s Paw,” is a small gift in and of itself. Happily, the Modern Library still has this one in print, in the US.

The Healy & McComas wasn’t the first sf anthology from a major publisher in the US, what with Donald Wollheim’s and, just barely, Groff Conklin’s efforts preceding it, along with such mixed selections as Philip Strong’s, but Adventures was one of the most prominent and widely influential, again not least because Random House and eventually the Modern Library imprint were behind it, and Ballantine when purchased by the RH folks did paperback editions with overblown blurbs. As the annotated TOC suggests, John W. Campbell’s Astounding Science Fiction was almost ridiculously overrepresented, even given how much good material it had published and how important that magazine under that editor had been in the development of magazine sf in the late 1930s and ‘40s…however, one (1) story each from Planet Stories and Amazing and none from any other magazine (the Unknown essay reprint was the kind of borderline crackpottery that Campbell would pollute Astounding with in the 1950s onward, rather than a story, and very out of place here), and only one entry not from the magazines, don’t make this a particularly representative anthology of the time…and the absence of Theodore Sturgeon, Leigh Brackett, Hal Clement, Clifford Simak, and C. L. Moore (except to the extent that she had input on “The Twonky”) are all telling (and most might wonder where’s the Bradbury?), in a book that makes room for the Phillips article. But, nevertheless, as with Lovecraft in the other volume, this was among the first exposure many of these writers and much of this fiction had for the larger reading public, and much of it holds up well. Unfortunately, this volume hasn’t been reprinted in its Modern Library edition since the ‘80s.

For more of today's selections, please see Patti Abbott's blog. Bill Crider's FFB item this week, in honor of Bouchercon in part, is a memorial volume edited by J. Francis McComas's widow Annette Peltz McComas, collecting from and documenting the birth of McComas's most lasting legacy, co-founding The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction with Anthony Boucher...a very good book all but orphaned by its publisher at birth.


scott cupp said...

Two great choices, Todd. I loved Adventures in Time and Space so much that we corrupted the name for our gone but not forgotten bookstore Adventures in Crime and Space

George said...

ADVENTURES IN TIME AND SPACE was the first SF anthology I'd read as a kid. After that, I was hooked!

Todd Mason said...

When did your store flourish, Scott? Those that bridge fantastic and crime fiction often have some interesting nomenclature...DC's Moonstone Bookcellars was the first I was able to patronize regularly...

Todd Mason said...

Oddly, George, one of the first I found on my own, not on my parents shelves, was Donald Wollheim's THE POCKET BOOK OF SCIENCE FICTION, which was probably the first "pure" sf antho from a non-specialist publisher...

pattinase (abbott) said...

I just bought one of these sorts of books at a book sale at my library. Too lazy to go downstairs to get the title. But something about classics of horror.

Todd Mason said...

Well, as long as it's not a John Canning collection of "true ghost stories" rubbish (a common blight on my early library browsing, and remarkably viable as commercial ripoffs), you might be in good shape there. Though I'll be curious to know what it is when you pick it up again...

C. Margery Kempe said...

It's interesting how much canon gets shaped by fiat of publishing. If no one can get hold of Blake, he falls out of the public consciousness. I was intrigued by the decisions for inclusion in the Oxford big book of Gothic (oh,I know that's not the name) and made its introduction and definition of "Gothic" our interrogatory question for the semester when I was teaching that theme.

Todd Mason said...

I'll have to take a look at that. Editorial fiat, the book's editor or editors overruled by the publisher's editor(s), the willingness of the publishers to keep the work in print (as you expand on my point...the Modern Library editions helped make both of these much more influential over decades than they might be otherwise...though I find it amusing and odd that I can't find images of the typography-only covers both sported in their 1970s ML editions).

Todd Mason said...

Phil Stephensen-Payne, who hosts William Contento's online indices and does a few of his own, did this one for the Baldick:

The Oxford Book of Gothic Tales ed. Chris Baldick (Oxford University Press 0-19-214194-5, Mar ’92 [Feb ’92], £16.95, xxii+533pp, hc, cover by T. C. Gotch) Anthology of 37 gothic short stories dating from the 18th century to the present day. Recommended (PSP).
xi · Introduction · Chris Baldick · in
3 · Sir Bertrand: A Fragment · Anna Laetitia Aikin · ss Miscellaneous Pieces in Prose, 1773
7 · The Poisoner of Montremos [“Remarkable Narrative”] · Richard Cumberland · ss The Lady’s Magazine Mar, 1791
12 · The Friar’s Tale · Anon. · ss The Lady’s Magazine, 1792
23 · Raymond: A Fragment · Juvenis · ss The Lady’s Magazine Feb, 1799
27 · The Parricide Punished · Anon. · ss Monthly Mirror May, 1799; first published in French in 1782.
31 · The Ruins of the Abbey of Fitz-Martin · Anon. · ss Romances and Gothic Tales, 1801
51 · The Vindictive Monk; or, The Fatal Ring · Isaac Crookenden · ss Romantic Tales, 1802
63 · The Astrologer’s Prediction, or The Maniac’s Fate · Anon. · ss Legends of Terror, ed. Anon., London, 1826
70 · Andreas Vesalius the Anatomist · Petrus Borel; trans. by Chris Baldick · ss *; first published in French in Champavert: Contes Immoraux (1833); as “Don Andréa Vésalius, L’Anatomiste”.
82 · Lady Eltringham or The Castle of Ratcliffe Cross · J. Wadham · ss Calendar of Horrors! Jul, 1836
85 · The Fall of the House of Usher · Edgar Allan Poe · ss Burton’s Gentlemen’s Magazine Sep, 1839; this revised version from Tales of Edgar A. Poe, Wiley & Putnam 1845.
102 · A Chapter in the History of a Tyrone Family · J. Sheridan Le Fanu · nv Dublin University Magazine Oct, 1839
133 · Rappaccini’s Daughter · Nathaniel Hawthorne · nv United States Magazine and Democratic Review Dec, 1844
158 · Selina Sedilia · Bret Harte · ss The Californian Aug, 1865
165 · Jean-ah Poquelin · George Washington Cable · ss Scribner’s May, 1875

splitting to fit Blogger's requirement...

Todd Mason said...

[Blogger has been a pain all day...]

183 · Olalla · Robert Louis Stevenson · nv Court and Society Review Christmas, 1885
218 · Barbara of the House of Grebe · Thomas Hardy · nv The Graphic Dec, 1890
245 · Bloody Blanche · Marcel Schwob; trans. by Chris Baldick · ss *; first published in French in Le Roi au Masque d’Or (1892) as “Blanche La Sanglante”.
249 · The Yellow Wall-Paper · Charlotte Perkins Stetson · ss New England Magazine Jan, 1892
264 · The Adventure of the Speckled Band [Sherlock Holmes] · Arthur Conan Doyle · nv The Strand Feb, 1892
286 · Hurst of Hurstcote · E. Nesbit · ss Temple Bar Jun, 1893
299 · A Vine on a House · Ambrose Bierce · ss Cosmopolitan Sep ’05
302 · Jordan’s End · Ellen Glasgow · ss The Shadowy Third and Other Stories, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1923
316 · The Outsider · H. P. Lovecraft · ss Weird Tales Apr ’26
322 · A Rose for Emily · William Faulkner · ss The Forum Apr ’30
331 · A Rendezvous in Averoigne · Clark Ashton Smith · ss Weird Tales Apr/May ’31
344 · The Monkey · Isak Dinesen · nv Seven Gothic Tales, New York: Smith & Haas, 1934
386 · Miss de Mannering of Asham · F. M. Mayor · ss The Room Opposite, London: Longmans, Green, 1935
407 · The Vampire of Kaldenstein · Frederick Cowles · ss The Night Wind Howls, Muller, 1938
424 · Clytie · Eudora Welty · ss The Southern Review #7 ’41
435 · Sardonicus · Ray Russell · nv Playboy Jan ’61
466 · The Bloody Countess · Alejandra Pizarnik; trans. by Alberto Manguel · ss Other Fires: Stories from the Women of Latin America, ed. Alberto Manguel, 1986; first published in Spanish in 1968 as “Acerca de la Condesa Sangrienta”.
478 · The Gospel According to Mark · Jorge Luís Borges; trans. by Norman Thomas di Giovanni · ss New Yorker Oct 23 ’71; first published in Spanish in 1970.
483 · The Lady of the House of Love · Angela Carter · ss The Iowa Review Sum/Fll ’75
498 · Secret Observations on the Goat-Girl · Joyce Carol Oates · ss The Assignation, The Ecco Press, 1988
502 · Blood Disease · Patrick McGrath · nv Blood and Water, Simon & Schuster, 1988
519 · If You Touched My Heart · Isabel Allende · ss The Stories of Eva Luna, Antheneum, 1991
527 · Notes · Chris Baldick · ms

--that IS a very eclectic approach to Gothicity...

George said...

Some editors go with the "big tent" theory of inclusion, Todd. They bring in as many stories with as many themes as possible to appeal to the largest audience. That Gothic collection is a good example of how wide the editor cast his net.

Todd Mason said...

I strongly suspect that, as with Judith Merril in her more personal anthologies, he was trying to make several points, as well...hence Kate's finding it a useful challenge to her students.

Todd Mason said...

Certainly Bradford Morrow has similarly been bruiting "the New Gothic" for some years...including in his magazine CONJUNCTIONS and the anthology by that name...rather like Jerome Charyn's "the New Mystery"...and various -punk movements, and their "adversaries"...all fun with a purpose, as HIGHLIGHTS magazine use to put it, and probably still does...

Scott Cupp said...

Todd - The store last about 7 years from 1997 or 1998 (I can never remember) until 2004 or 2005. Since I was an absentee co-owner I was not intimately involved in the day to day stuff. My primary functions were to work conventions and to find rare-ish books for resale in the shop. I think we were one of the best of our type of books and had many great writers in for signings and the like. Gone but not forgotten.

Todd Mason said...

That does sound good. Sorry you had to close.

Richard R. said...

I have ADVENTURES IN TIME AND SPACE, the original edition, and though I haven't had it off the shelf in decades, I think of it as it's a fine anthology.

Todd Mason said...

I agree. Just a bit too invested in ASTOUNDING, and not quite as representative of ASF or its best as it could is good that it pulls a Ross Rocklynne story, among some other interesting choices.